Gynecological Diagnosis
  • In gynecology, diagnostic laparoscopy may be used to inspect the outside of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes, for example in the diagnosis of female infertility
  • Usually, there is one incision near the navel and a second near to the pubic hairline
  • For gynecological diagnosis, a special type of laparoscope can be used, called a fertiloscope
  • A fertiloscope is modified to make it suitable for trans-vaginal application
  • A dye test may be performed to detect any blockage in the reproductive tract, wherein a dark blue dye is passed up through the cervix and is followed with the laparoscope through its passage out into the fallopian tubes to the ovaries
  • Laparoscopic surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery (MIS), band aid surgery, or keyhole surgery
  • Laparoscopic surgery is a modern surgical technique in which operations are performed far from their location through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) elsewhere in the body
  • There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus the more common, open procedure
  • Pain and bleeding are reduced due to smaller incisions and recovery times are shorter
  • The key element in laparoscopic surgery is the use of a laparoscope, a long fiber optic cable system which allows viewing of the affected area by snaking the cable from a more distant, but more easily accessible location

There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure. These include

  • Reduced bleeding , which reduces the chance of needing a blood transfusion
  • Smaller incision, which reduces pain and shortens recovery time, as well as resulting in less post-operative scarring
  • Less pain, leading to less pain medication needed.
  • Although procedure times are usually slightly longer, hospital stay is less, and often with a same day discharge which leads to a faster return to everyday living
  • Reduced exposure of internal organs to possible external contaminants thereby reduced risk of acquiring infections

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